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Numerical simulation for the steam gasification of single char particle

Vinod Kumar Yadav, Ravi Shankar, and Vineet Kumar

Department of Chemical Engineering, Government Polytechnic Gorakhpur, Gorakhpur, India



Received: 13 May 2020  Accepted: 9 September 2020


Simulation of a single char particle for the synthesis gas production is challenging task due to its complex chemical reactions coupled with the varying physicochemical properties during the gasification process. Steam gasification of a single char particle require the favourable conditions for the CO and H2 enriched gas with minimum CO2 formation. Here, non-linear partial differential equation for the unsteady state diffusion-controlled reaction of a gasification agent (steam) inside the non-catalytic porous spherical char particle is numerically solved by staggered grid finite volume method with suitable boundary conditions. The steam gasification is numerically solved for the variable size char particle of two different diameters, i.e. 5 and 10 mm between the temperature range of 1000–1300 K. Gasification process at high-steam partial pressure suggests high H2 and CO concentration in the synthesis gases.

Keywords: Coal; Gasification; Steam; Staggered grid; Finite volume method (FVM)

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-020-01348-2


Chemical Papers 75 (3) 863–872 (2021)

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