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Chemical, electrochemical, thermodynamic and adsorption study of EN8 dual-phase steel with ferrite-martensite structure in 0.5 M H2SO4 using pectin as inhibitor

P. R. Prabhu, Pavan Hiremath, Deepa Prabhu, M. C. Gowrishankar, and B. M. Gurumurthy

Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India



Received: 8 May 2021  Accepted: 2 July 2021


This paper presents the corrosion and inhibition behavior of heat-treated EN8 dual-phase steel with ferrite-martensite structure with pectin in 0.5 M sulphuric acid. The corrosion studies were performed using the weight loss method, electrochemical techniques such as potentiodynamic polarization measurements, and impedance spectroscopy. The study was done at different concentrations of pectin in the temperature range of 40 to 70 °C and immersion time of 1, 3, 5, and 7 h. The results showed that the inhibition performance of pectin has enhanced with an increase in pectin concentration and decreased with the temperature and time of exposure. From the weight loss study, highest inhibition efficiency of 76.43% was achieved at 5.0 g/L at 1 h of exposure at 40 °C. The maximum inhibition efficiency of 62% was obtained with 5.0 g/L of pectin at 40 °C by potentiodynamic polarization method. The energy, enthalpy, and entropy of activation and also thermodynamic parameters like free energy, enthalpy, and entropy of adsorption were assessed and discussed. Appropriate adsorption isotherm was fit to the obtained experimental outcomes and achieved Langmuir adsorption isotherm to be the best fit and obeyed physical adsorption. Surface analysis: scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction techniques, atomic force microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray were done with and without the addition of pectin. The metal surface appears to be uniform and smooth in the presence of pectin and adsorption was confirmed by surface analysis.

Keywords: EN8 steel; Heat treatment; Ferrite-martensite; Sulphuric acid medium; Weight loss method; Electrochemical studies

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-021-01773-x


Chemical Papers 75 (11) 6083–6099 (2021)

Tuesday, May 28, 2024

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