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Zirconyl chloride and its uses in phosphorus chemistry

Gheorghe Ilia, Petru Merghes, Narcis Varan, Vlad Chiriac, and Vasile Simulescu

Faculty of Chemistry, Biology, Geography, West University Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania



Received: 9 January 2022  Accepted: 4 May 2022


Zirconium is a gray–white strong transition metal, highly resistant to heat and corrosion. Due to these properties, zirconium started to replace hafnium and titanium in the last decade and it is used to make surgical instruments and as a hardening agent in steel alloys. Zirconyl chloride octahydrate is one of the most used compounds as zirconium source for the synthesis of zirconium phosphates and zirconium phosphonates. The synthetic routes include precipitation and sol–gel methods. The obtained zirconium- and phosphorus-containing compounds showed potential for applications in catalysis, in medicine as biomaterials (hard tissues reconstruction, such as in dentistry), as ion-exchange materials, or for proton exchange membrane fuel cells.

Keywords: Zirconyl chloride; Catalysis; Phosphorus; Zirconium phosphates; Zirconium phosphonates

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-022-02266-1


Chemical Papers 76 (9) 5293–5307 (2022)

Thursday, June 20, 2024

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