ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7

Published monthly
 

Degradation kinetics and performances of poly(lactic acid) films in artificial seawater

Yu-zhu Li, Li-hui Yao, Ya Li, Ya-juan Wang, Ling-hui Wang, Zhi-qiang Jiang, Dan Qiu, and Yun-xuan Weng

School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Ningbo University of Technology, Ningbo, China

 

E-mail: ylhttzj@hotmail.com

Received: 20 November 2021  Accepted: 18 May 2022

Abstract:

Used poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films as the research object, the degradation kinetics equation was established through the degradation experiments of samples in artificial seawater at 60, 70, 80 and 90 °C, and then the degradation performances of PLA films in artificial seawater at 90 °C were explored. The surface morphology, chemical structure and thermal properties of PLA films after degradation in artificial seawater at 90 °C were studied by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography, differential scanning calorimetry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and the composition of degradation products was also analyzed. The results showed that the degradation of PLA films in artificial seawater conformed to the first-order reaction characteristics. The half-life period of degradation is 12 or 468 days under 90 or 60 °C. With the increase in degradation time, the surface of PLA films became roughness, the characteristic functional groups of the solid degradation products were basically unchanged, the crystallinity increased first and then decreased, while the relative molecular weight and Tm decreased gradually. The oxygen content of the surface of the material and lactic acid content in the degradation filtrate increased gradually.

Graphical abstract

The degradation kinetics of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films in artificial seawater was studied. The results showed that the degradation of PLA films in artificial seawater conformed to the first-order reaction characteristics, which provides theoretical guidance for the practical application of polylactic acid-based materials in the marine environment.

Keywords: Biodegradable materials; Water environment; Degradation kinetics equation; Degradation performance

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-022-02286-x

 

Chemical Papers 76 (9) 5929–5941 (2022)

Tuesday, April 16, 2024

IMPACT FACTOR 2021
2.146
SCImago Journal Rank 2021
0.365
SEARCH
Advanced
VOLUMES
European Symposium on Analytical Spectrometry ESAS 2022
© 2024 Chemical Papers