ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7

Published monthly

Optimizing and control of effective synthesize parameters for Fe3O4 nanoparticles using response surface methodology

Muneer M. Ba-Abbad, P. V. Chai, Abdelbaki Benamour, Dina Ewis, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, and Ebrahim Mahmoudi

Gas Processing Centre, College of Engineering, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar



Received: 25 December 2021  Accepted: 2 June 2022


To control Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) size, different molar ratio of Fe2+ and Fe3+ as well as ammonium hydroxide (pH) was used to synthesize Fe3O4 NPs through co-precipitation method. The Box–Behnken design was selected to explore the interaction between process parameters (factors) such as Fe2+ molar ion, Fe3+ molar ion and pH on the final size. The interactive effect between the process variables was evaluated by analysis of variance (ANOVA). The quadratic model predicted by the Box–Behnken design was significant with a P value of < 0.0001. The optimum synthesis conditions were predicted by the model indicating optimum size obtained using 1.00 mol Fe2+ ion with 3.00 mol Fe3+ ion with pH at 12.00. From the experiment, the particle size was 10 ± 2 nm at optimum conditions, while the model predicted a particle size of 6.80 nm. The magnetic properties of Fe3O4 NPs were displayed typical ferromagnetic behavior with saturation magnetization value to be 49.729 emu/g. Finally, the optimized Fe3O4 NPs showed about 80% removal of Congo red (CR) dye, which confirms their applicability in adsorption process for future applications.

Keywords: Fe3O4 nanoparticles; Coprecipitation method; Box–Behnken design; Analysis of variance

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-022-02320-y


Chemical Papers 76 (10) 6359–6370 (2022)

Thursday, May 23, 2024

SCImago Journal Rank 2021
European Symposium on Analytical Spectrometry ESAS 2022
© 2024 Chemical Papers