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Determination of nitrite in food samples on MnO2 decorated carbonaceous-glass fiber modified glassy carbon by differential pulse voltammetry

İlknur Üstündağ

Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Science, Kutahya Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey



Received: 24 December 2022  Accepted: 1 April 2023


Nitrite is widely used as an additive in the food industry. Nitrite can form carcinogenic N-nitrosamines by reacting with secondary amines and amides in the stomach and can interfere with the oxygen transport system in the body. Therefore, it is important to detect nitrite residues from a variety of environments, including food samples. This study presents the determination of nitrite using a novel sensitive electrochemical sensor based on MnO2 decorated coal tar pitch-coated glass fiber scaffold. Characterizations of sensor platforms were performed using electrochemical, spectroscopic, and microscopic techniques. Response of the carbonaceous electrode using differential pulse voltammetry for nitrite in the presence of uric acid and resorcinol was found linear in the range of 0.5–25 μM. The detection limit of nitrite was 2.5 nM (S/N ratio = 3). The method was successfully applied for the detection of nitrite in food samples including juice, pickle, pasteurized milk, and tap water samples.

Keywords: Nitrite; Differential pulse voltammetry; Food analysis; Carbonaceous materials

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-023-02811-6


Chemical Papers 77 (8) 4613–4623 (2023)

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