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Enhancing combustion characteristics using JP-8 and JP-10 fuel mixture with different equivalence ratios: numerical and simulative study

Muhammad Naeem Akhtar, Faheem Akhter, Jawad Ahmed, and Munawar Ali Pinjaro

State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China



Received: 28 April 2023  Accepted: 16 May 2023


JP-8 and JP-10 are important aviation fuels used by the US military in turbine-powered aircraft and diesel-powered ground vehicles, and gas turbine fuel for missiles, respectively. JP-8 is a complex kerosene-based fuel mixture, while JP-10 is a newer synthetic fuel mixture containing endo-tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene, exo-tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene, and adamantane. In this study, the detonation of JP-8 and JP-10 mixtures was simulated to investigate the effects of JP-10 presence with JP-8 on detonation. The study analyzed the effects of different mixing ratios of JP-8/JP-10 at varying equivalence ratios. The results indicated that JP-10 is slightly slower in reactivity but has a higher heat and pressure generation capacity than JP-8. The maximum pressure and temperature were observed as 3.41 MPa and 2093 K, respectively, at 50/50% mixing of JP-8/JP-10 at  = 1.0. The maximum detonation propagation velocity was observed as 1988 m/s for 70%JP-8 + 30%JP-10. This study provides valuable insights into the behavior of JP-8 and JP-10 mixtures and their detonation characteristics, which can have important implications for the design and operation of aviation and missile systems.

Keywords: JP-8; JP-10; Detonation; Equivalence ratio

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-023-02877-2


Chemical Papers 77 (9) 5455–5471 (2023)

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