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Self-assembly and peripheral guest-binding of two triangular Zn(II) helicates

Juan-Tong Zhao, Wen-Yuan Wu, Yi-Chun Lou, Wei-Jie Cai, and Rong Wan

College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China



Received: 10 August 2023  Accepted: 14 December 2023


Two Zn(II) complexes, referred to as helicate 1 and helicate 2, were synthesized using subcomponent self-assembly of zinc(II) trifluoromethanesulfonate (Zn(CF3SO3)2), 2,4,6-tris(3-aminophenoxy)triazine, and either 2-formylpyridine or 3-methyl-2-pyridinecarboxaldehyde in CH3CN solution. The triangular helicate structure of both complexes was verified by 1H NMR and ESI–MS measurements, and the host–guest interactions between the helicates and a number of guest molecules were investigated. It was discovered that the effect of the host–guest interactions significantly changed when the aldehyde component was replaced by 3-methyl-2-pyridinecarboxaldehyde, which suggested that the guest-binding sites may occur around the peripheral apertures of the complex. Additionally, the binding behaviour between helicate 1 and tetraphenylborate guests was further investigated, which allowed for the quantification of the host–guest stoichiometry in a 1:2 ratio.

Keywords: Triangular helicate; Self-assembly; Zinc(II); Host–guest interaction

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-023-03279-0


Chemical Papers 78 (5) 2885–2894 (2024)

Tuesday, May 28, 2024

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