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Fabrication of the MIL-101(Fe)@Ag composite SERS substrate for the detection of formaldehyde

Yufeng Chen and Ning Zhao

Heilongjiang Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Functional Materials, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Mudanjiang Normal University, Mudanjiang, China



Received: 18 July 2023  Accepted: 24 January 2024


Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has been widely applied in various fields due to its high sensitivity and rapid response capability. In this paper, a MIL-101(Fe)@Ag composite SERS substrate was prepared using photoreduction method. The synthesized MIL-101(Fe)@Ag composite substrate combines the localized surface plasmon resonance properties of silver nanoparticles and the high adsorption capacity of metal–organic frameworks. MIL-101 (Fe)@Ag composite substrate was characterized by FTIR, UV and SEM. The SERS activity of the composite substrates was characterized by measuring the Raman signals of PATP. The detection limit of the substrate for PATP was 10–8 M, with a relative standard deviation of only about 5.3%, indicating good SERS effect and reproducibility of the substrate. Finally, the prepared substrate was applied for formaldehyde detection, with a detection limit of 10–9 M. Principal component analysis was used for quantitative analysis of formaldehyde. This work proposes a simple method for synthesizing MIL-101(Fe)@Ag composite substrates with high SERS performance and uniformity and establishes a rapid detection method for formaldehyde using this substrate, which has great application prospects.

Keywords: Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS); MIL-101 (Fe); Formaldehyde

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-024-03346-0


Chemical Papers 78 (6) 3761–3772 (2024)

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