ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
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Effects of the use of TiO2 on the early ages of white cement-based mortars: analysis of chemical, physical, mechanical, and photocatalytic properties

Omar Rodriguez-Villarreal, Isaías Juárez Ramírez, Moisés Hinojosa Rivera, Mohamed Said Abbas, Azzeddine Mazouzi, Seif El Islam Lebouachera, and Nadjib Drouiche

Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, San Nicolás de los Garza, México



Received: 13 September 2023  Accepted: 22 February 2024


The study of white cement-based mortar mixtures prepared according to ASTM C-109 with self-cleaning and heterogeneous photocatalytic properties after seven days of curing, prepared by mixing white cement 30 CPC 30 RB, water, and silica, is presented here. To achieve the self-cleaning property, titanium dioxide TiO2 P25 with a crystal structure of anatase and rutile (80:20) and particle size of 20 nm were added by weight proportion of 0.5, 1, 3.0, and 5.0%. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy coupled with structural characterization revealed that the material which presents the highest degree of cleanliness was the one containing 5% TiO2 because the presence of the photocatalyst gives a stronger self-cleaning property to the cement-based material, achieving a 26% degradation of Rhodamine B after 8 h of sun exposure. In addition, it was found that the cement containing TiO2 presented a compressive strength 8–12% lower than the reference material without TiO2. The thermal expansion coefficient of the specimens was 7.4 × 10–6 K−1. It is concluded that itis possible to obtain self-cleaning cement-based materials without affecting their physical–mechanical properties and maintain the expansion coefficient.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords: Photocatalysis; Self-cleaning; Cement-based materials; Rhodamine B; Dilatometry

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-024-03382-w


Chemical Papers 78 (7) 4225–4237 (2024)

Sunday, June 16, 2024

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