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Study of the octadecylammonium-montmorillonite system

H. Slosiariková, B. Číčel, and J. Hronský

Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Komenský University, CS-842 15 Bratislava


Abstract: The reaction of octadecylammonium (ODA) with montmorillonite gives successively rise to one-layer (|1|αII) and two-layer (|2| αII) complexes with ODA chains oriented parallelly with the surface of layer 2:1 and one-layer (|1|α) and two-layer (|2| α) complexes with ODA chains orientated under an angle exceeding 50° with respect to the surface of layer 2:1 . These complexes come into existence in the Na-, Mg-, Ca-, Cu-, Co-, and (Ca, Mg)-forms of montmorillonite. The proceeding reaction exhibits, to a certain extent, both character of ion exchange and ODA sorption in the interlayer space. The |2| αII → |1|α  . transitions are at 0.8—1.0 mmol g-1 ODA for all forms while the  |1|α→ |2| α  transitions are to be observed at 1.7—2.0 mmol g-1 ODA sorbed on the sample. The start of two-layer complex |2| α  formation is accompanied by an increase in hydrophility of montmorillonite. As for the Cu- and Co-form of montmorillonite, it is supposed that the complexes of octadecylamine with Cu2+ and Co2+ are formed in the interlayer space. The presence of ODA in the interlayer space brings about changes in bonding within the structure of montmorillonite.

Full paper in Portable Document Format: 405a585.pdf


Chemical Papers 40 (5) 585–594 (1986)

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