ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
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Fatty acid and phytosterol contents of some Romanian wild and cultivated berry pomaces

Francisc Vasile Dulf, Sanda Andrei, Andrea Bunea, and Carmen Socaciu

University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Mănăştur 3-5, Romania



Abstract: The total oil content and composition of fatty acids and phytosterols of five Transylvanian (Romania) pomaces of wild and cultivated blueberries (Vaccinium myrtillus), wild cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) and raspberry (Rubus idaeus), and cultivated black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa), were determined by capillary gas chromatography. Out of the five pomace oils, the percentages of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) ranged from 37 % to 69 %. The lipid classes analysed (PLs — polar lipids, TGs — triacylglycerols, SEs — sterol esters) were separated and identified using thin-layer chromatography. TGs showed the highest PUFAs content (ranging from 41.9 % to 72.5 %) and PUFAs/SFAs (saturated fatty acids) ratios (in the range of 5.8–33.1 %). In the case of PL and SE fractions, the levels of SFA were significantly higher than in TGs. The total amount of sterols was in the range of 101.6–168.2 mg per 100 g of lipids of the pomaces analysed. The predominant phytosterols were β-sitosterol, stigmastanol + isofucosterol, and campesterol. The results indicated that the investigated pomace oils, due to their good balance between n-6 and n-3 fatty acids (except for chokeberry) and high β-sitosterol content, could be excellent sources of PUFAs and phytosterols, thus suggesting potential value-added utilisation of berry waste oils for preparing functional foods or food supplements.

Keywords: berry pomace – vegetable oil – fatty acid – phytosterol

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-012-0156-0


Chemical Papers 66 (10) 925–934 (2012)

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