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Thermal decomposition of lanthanide(III) complexes of bis-(salicylaldehyde)-1,3-propylenediimine Schiff base ligand

Ziyad A. Taha, Abdulaziz M. Ajlouni, and Jamil Al-Mustafa

Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid, Jordan



Abstract: The thermal decomposition of lanthanide complexes, with a general formula: [LnL(NO3)2](NO3), where Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, and Er; and L = bis-(salicyladehyde)-1,3-propylenediimine Schiff base ligand, was studied by thermogravimetric (TG) and derivative thermogravimetric (DTG) techniques. The TG and DTG data indicated that all complexes are thermostable up to 398 K. The thermal decomposition of all Ln(III) complexes was a two-stage process and the final residues were Ln2O3 (Ln = La, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Er), Tb4O7, and Pr6 O11. The activation energies of thermal decomposition of the complexes were calculated from analysis of the TG-DTG curves using the Kissinger, Friedman, and Flynn-Well-Ozawa methods.

Keywords: lanthanide complexes – thermal decomposition – thermogravimetric analysis – derivative thermogravimetric analysis

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-012-0262-z


Chemical Papers 67 (2) 194–201 (2013)

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