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Single-State Process for Manufacturing of Potassium Sulphate from Sodium Sulphate

B. U. Grzmil and B. Kic

Institute of Chemical and Environment Engineering, Technical University of Szczecin, PL-70 322 Szczecin, Poland



Abstract: A single-stage process for the conversion of sodium sulphate (anhydrous or hydrated, of natural or anthropogenic origin) with potassium chloride in aqueous solution at 20—25◦C to potassium sulphate was developed. Both reagent grade sodium sulphate and that formed as a by-product during trimethylolpropane synthesis were used as raw material. Initial reaction mixture contained less than 30 mass % of salts with the calculated mole ratios n(KCl) : n(Na2SO4) ≥ 6; n(K2SO4 : n(NaCl) ≥ 1. Resulting potassium sulphate contained about 96 mass % of K2SO4, 0.5 mass % of Cl−, and 0.2 mass % of Na+. At the first stage, a mixture of potassium chloride with glaserite was separated from the mother liquor after the separation of K2SO4 through solvent evaporation followed by crystallization at temperatures ≤ 2◦C. During the second stage, sodium chloride was separated from the solution obtained after the solvent evaporation and crystallization at 110◦C. Both, the mixture of KCl and K3Na(SO4)2 and the remaining end-liquor were recycled to the conversion stage. Raw sodium chloride was a by-product formed in the process.

Full paper in Portable Document Format: 596ba476.pdf


Chemical Papers 59 (6b) 476–480 (2005)

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