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Carbonised polyaniline and polypyrrole: towards advanced nitrogen-containing carbon materials

Gordana Ćirić-Marjanović, Igor Pašti, Nemanja Gavrilov, Aleksandra Janošević, and Slavko Mentus

Faculty of Physical Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 12-16, 11158, Belgrade, Serbia

 

E-mail: gordana@ffh.bg.ac.rs

Abstract: Polyaniline (PANI) and polypyrrole (PPY) undergo carbonisation in an inert/reduction atmosphere and vacuum, yielding different nitrogen-containing carbon materials. This contribution reviews various procedures for the carbonisation of PANI and PPY precursors, and the characteristics of obtained carbonised PANI (C-PANI) and carbonised PPY (C-PPY). Special attention is paid to the role of synthetic procedures in tailoring the formation of C-PANI and C-PPY nanostructures and nanocomposites. The review considers the importance of scanning and transmission electron microscopies, XPS, FTIR, Raman, NMR, and EPR spectroscopies, electrical conductivity and adsorption/desorption measurements, XRD, and elemental analyses in the characterisation of C-PANIs and C-PPYs. The application of C-PANI and C-PPY in various fields of modern technology is also reviewed.

Keywords: polyaniline – polypyrrole – carbonisation – N-containing carbon materials

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0312-1

 

Chemical Papers 67 (8) 781–813 (2013)

Tuesday, January 25, 2022

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