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Oxyhumolite influence on adsorption and desorption of phosphate on blast furnace slag in the process of two-stage selective adsorption of Cu(II) and phosphate

Hana Kohutová, Bruno Kostura, Jana Kukutschová, and Dalibor Matýsek

Chemistry Department, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33, Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic



Abstract: Two-stage adsorption was used for selective removal of Cu(II) and phosphate from aqueous solutions. In the first stage, adsorption of Cu(II) and phosphate on oxyhumolite (OX) was examined. The pseudo second-order equation was found to be the best fit for the kinetic adsorption data. The adsorption capacity of OX for Cu(II) and phosphate depends on the adsorption time, the equilibrium pH influences only the adsorption of Cu(II). The high adsorption efficiency (E = 95 %, pH 3.5, 0.5 g of the solid sorbent and 50 cm3 of the solution, c = 4 mmol dm−3) of OX for Cu(II) is caused by the presence of humic acids (HA). In the second stage, blast furnace slag (BFS) and activated blast furnace slag (BFS-A) were used to remove phosphates. The presence of OX in the first stage positively influences the adsorption efficiency of sorbents in the second stage due to the soluble humic compounds and residues of humic acids (HA) which support the precipitation of Ca-phosphates on BFS and the ions exchange reactions on BFS-A. Adsorption equilibrium of phosphate on both slags at 298 K can be well described by the Langmuir isotherm equation. Desorption of Cu(II) from OX was around 70 %. The presence of OX in the first stage also influences the desorption of phosphate bound in the second stage. Desorption efficiency of both slags for phosphate was about 60 %.

Keywords: adsorption-desorption – heavy metal – phosphate – oxyhumolite – blast furnace slag

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0508-4


Chemical Papers 68 (6) 766–773 (2014)

Tuesday, May 21, 2024

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