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Reaction kinetics of malachite in ammonium carbamate solution

Ying-Bo Mao, Jiu-Shuai Deng, Shu-Ming Wen, and Jian-Jun Fang

State Key Laboratory of Complex Non-ferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilisation, Faculty of Land Resource Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China



Abstract: The dissolution of malachite particles in ammonium carbamate (AC) solutions was investigated in a batch reactor, using the parameters of temperature, AC concentration, particle size, and stirring speed. The shrinking core model was evaluated for the dissolution rate increased by decreasing particle size and increasing the temperature and AC concentration. No important effect was observed for variations in stirring speed. Dissolution curves were evaluated in order to test shrinking core models for fluid-solid systems. The dissolution rate was determined as being controlled by surface chemical reaction. The activation energy of the leaching process was determined as 46.04 kJ mol-1.

Keywords: dissolution – kinetics – malachite – ammonium carbamate

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1515/chempap-2015-0128


Chemical Papers 69 (9) 1187–1192 (2015)

Wednesday, June 19, 2024

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