ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7
Driving force and activation energy in air-gap membrane distillation process
Joanna Kujawa and Wojciech Kujawski
Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 7 Gagarina st., 87-100 Toruń, Poland
Abstract: The present study investigated the impact of the driving force (Δp) on the transport properties. All the experiments and calculations were performed for air-gap membrane distillation (AGMD). In the course of the experiments, it was found that an identical value of Δp could be attained by applying different values of feed and permeate temperatures. It was highlighted that constant values of water fluxes could be achieved using the constant driving force created by different temperatures. Moreover, the relation between ln(JH₂O) and 1/Tf was shown to be linear only for the JH₂O created at ΔT = Tf - Tp > 35 K. This work’s significant finding was to highlight the limitation of the Arrhenius-type equation applied in the activation energy calculations.
Keywords: activation energy – air-gap membrane distillation – hydrophobic PTFE membrane
Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.
Chemical Papers 69 (11) 1438–1444 (2015)