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Effect of active acidic compounds on storage stability of coker naphtha

Fei Li, Feng-Xue Zhang, Heng Jiang, Shan-Lin Zhao, and Ping Li

School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Liaoning Shihua University, Fushun 113001, China



Abstract: Coker naphtha was separated into ten distillation fractions equal in volume via Engler distillation. It was found that the mercaptan sulphur compounds were mainly concentrated in the lighter fractions, whereas the basic nitrogen compounds were concentrated in the heavier fractions. The gum content increased gradually with increasing the boiling point of each fraction after storage for 21 days under ambient conditions (25◦C, 101 kPa). The active organic acidic compounds in coker naphtha extracted with aqueous solution of 20 mass % NaOH represented 0.26 mass %. The GCMS analysis of the active organic acidic compounds showed the amounts of small molecule thiols, thiophenols (including benzyl mercaptan) and phenolic compounds to be 2.6 %, 4.4 % and 90.0 %, respectively. After removal of the active acidic compounds by caustic scrubbing, the increase in the rate of gum formation was much slower than that of the blank coker naphtha after 27 days of storage under ambient conditions, indicating that the effect of these acidic compounds on the gum formation is more significant than with basic nitrogen compounds. It is demonstrated that the storage stability of coker naphtha was decreased in the presence of large amounts of phenolic compounds, which may accelerate the acid-catalysed polymerisation of olefins.

Keywords: coker naphtha – mercaptan suphur – basic nitrogen – active acidic compounds – storage stability

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1515/chempap-2015-0180


Chemical Papers 70 (2) 180–187 (2016)

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