ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
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Effect of different capping agents on physicochemical and antimicrobial properties of ZnO nanoparticles

Nabil A. Ibrahim, Ahmed A. Nada, Ahmed G. Hassabo, Basma M. Eid, Azza M. Noor El-Deen, and Nabil Y. Abou-Zeid

Textile Research Division, National Research Centre (Scopus Affiliation ID 60014618), Giza, Egypt

 

E-mail: aanada@ncsu.edu

Abstract: This research aims to investigate the influence of soluble starch; lactose; carboxymethyl cellulose; urea; and polyvinylpyrrolidone on synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs). Zinc acetate was used as a precursor under alkaline conditions to produce ZnO-NPs as a low-cost and efficient antimicrobial and UV-blocking agent. Characterization and antimicrobial functional properties of prepared nanoparticles were investigated and reported using FTIR, TGA, XRD, TEM, analysis, as well as antimicrobial assay, respectively. The results revealed that the thermal decomposition profile, size of ZnO-NPs, IR spectra, as well as antimicrobial activity of the prepared ZnO-NPs is governed by the type of capping agents. Crystallinity analysis showed identical patterns in peak intensities and width irrespective of the used capping agents. On the other hand, the obtained results disclosed that using soluble starch as a capping agent results in attaining lower particle size of 3–5 nm and higher antimicrobial efficacy as compared with the other capping agents.

Keywords: Nanomaterials, Soluble starch, Carboxymethyl cellulose, Inorganic nanoparticles, XRD, TEM

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-017-0132-9

 

Chemical Papers 71 (7) 1365–1375 (2017)

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