ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7
Enantioselective extraction of terbutaline enantiomers with β-cyclodextrin derivatives as hydrophilic selectors
Kewen Tang and Panliang Zhang
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan Institute of Science and Technology, Yueyang, 414006 Hunan, China
Abstract: Hydrophilic β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and its derivatives are not soluble in organic liquids but they are highly soluble in water and can interact with enantiomers
selectively to form diastereomeric complexes which enable their use as chiral selectors in chiral solvent extraction. In this
paper, terbutaline enantiomers were extracted by hydrophilic β-CD derivatives in an aqueous/organic biphasic solvent system with racemic terbutaline in the organic phase and β-CD in the aqueous phase. Five β-CD derivatives, namely: methyl-β-cyclodextrin (Me-β-CD), hydroxyethyl-β-cyclodextrin (HE-β-CD), 2-hydroxyethyl-β-cyclodextrin (2-HE-β-CD), (2-hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) and (4-sulfobutylether)-β-cyclodextrin (SBE-β-CD) were used as hydrophilic selectors, respectively. Process variables affecting extraction efficiency were investigated,
namely influence of the type of organic solvents and β-CD derivatives, concentrations of selectors and terbutaline enantiomers, pH, and temperature. Experimental results show that
the efficiency of extraction depends, often strongly, on process variables. All five β-CD derivatives studied preferentially extract the more biologically active (R)-terbutaline from the organic phase; HP-β-CD has the strongest recognition ability. The maximum enantioselectivity (α) of 1.42 was achieved under optimal conditions: pH 7.0 and temperature of 5°C. Utilization of the extraction method for separation
of terbutaline enantiomers is expected to be cheap and easy to scale up to commercial scale.
Keywords: chiral separation – reactive extraction – β-cyclodextrin derivatives – terbutaline enantiomers
Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.
Chemical Papers 65 (3) 273–279 (2011)