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Synthesis and application of a novel magnetic nanosorbent for determination of trace Cd(II), Ni(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) in environmental samples

Zohreh Dahaghin, Hassan Zavvar Mousavi, Ehsan Mirparizi, and Parand Haghighat

Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

 

E-mail: hzmousavi@semnan.ac.ir

Abstract: In this work for the first time, Fe3O4@SiO2 core–shell nanoparticles functionalized with isatin groups as a magnetic nanosorbent was applied for the simultaneous extraction of trace amounts of cadmium(II), nickel(II), lead(II), and zinc(II). The characterization of this nanosorbent was studied using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometer and thermogravimetric analysis. The effect of several factors such as pH, amount of sorbent, extraction time, type and volume of the eluent, sample volume, sorption capacity, and potentially interfering ions was investigated. In the selected conditions, it was observed that the limits of detection were 0.11 ng mL−1 for Cd(II), 0.28 ng mL−1 for Ni(II), 0.47 ng mL−1 for Pb(II), and 0.21 ng mL−1 for Zn(II), and the maximum sorption capacity of this suggested magnetic nanosorbent was 120, 112, 100, and 100 mg g−1 for Cd(II), Ni(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II), respectively. Also, the precision of the method (RSD%) for ten replicate measurements was found 2.5, 2.5, 2.8, and 3.1%, for Cd(II), Ni(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) ions, respectively. Finally, the suggested procedure was applied for determination of cadmium(II), nickel(II), lead(II), and zinc(II) at trace levels in different water and agricultural products with satisfactory results.

Keywords: Magnetic nanosorbent ; Isatin ; Cadmium(II) ; Nickel(II) ; Lead(II) ; Zinc(II) 

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-018-0387-9

 

Chemical Papers 72 (6) 1451–1459 (2018)

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