ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7

Published monthly
 

Rheological behavior and electrokinetic properties of pectin extracted from pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima) pulp and peel using hydrochloric acid solution

Salima Baississe and Djamel Fahloul

University of Batna1 Hadj Lakhdar, Batna, Algeria

 

E-mail: s.baississe@gmail.com

Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the chemical composition, hydrodynamic, rheological, and electrokinetic properties of pectin extracted from pulp and peel of pumpkin “Cucurbita maxima” by hydrochloric acid solution at pH 1.8. Chemical analysis of the extracted pectin showed an abundance of galacturonic acid which represents the totality of the uronic acid. Its content in the pulp and peel pectin extracts was 52.91 ± 0.02 g/100 g and 55.14 ± 0.10 g/100 g of dried samples, respectively. The results for intrinsic viscosity [η] ranged from 5.13 ± 0.04 to 5.65 ± 0.08 dl/g and for molecular weight from 234.64 ± 2.33 to 267.40 ± 5.39 kDa. These macromolecules are semi-flexible chain biopolymers with flexibility values of 0.07 ± 0.00. The parameter measurement of the pectin such as hydrodynamic radius (Rh) ranged from 32.39 ± 0.19 to 34.93 ± 0.40 nm, the relaxation time (tr) from 2.77 ± 0.02 × 10−7 to 11.26 ± 0.00 × 10−7 ms, and the diffusivity coefficient (D) from 2.17 ± 0.00 to 8.73 ± 0.00 cm2/s. The rheological behavior was suitably represented by the Bingham and Herschel–Bulkley models for all concentrations. The electrokinetic behavior of pectins allows control of electrostatic interactions. The calculated Zp of the system constituted by pumpkin pectin and citric acid/sodium citrate buffer ranged from − 28.10 ± 0.20 to + 0.35 ± 0.65 mV.

Keywords: Pumpkin ; Cucurbita maxima ; Pectin ; Rheological models ; Electrokinetic properties ; Hydrodynamic properties 

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-018-0500-0

 

Chemical Papers 72 (10) 2647–2658 (2018)

Friday, May 24, 2024

IMPACT FACTOR 2021
2.146
SCImago Journal Rank 2021
0.365
SEARCH
Advanced
VOLUMES
European Symposium on Analytical Spectrometry ESAS 2022
© 2024 Chemical Papers