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Phytochemical fabrication, characterization, and antioxidant application of copper and cobalt oxides nanoparticles using Sesbania sesban plant

Fereshteh Ezzati Ghadi, Abdollah Ramzani Ghara, and Atena Naeimi

University of Jiroft, Kerman, Iran



Abstract: In this work, an ecofriendly and economic strategy for synthesize of CuO and Co3O4 were developed using extracted Sesbania sesban solution (ESS) as a reducing and stabilizing agent, and bioreactor. These novel nano metal oxides (NMOs) were characterized by high-resolution-transmission electron microscopy (TEM), EDAX thermo gravimetric analysis and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Morphology and size of them were investigated by TEM and the average sizes of for spherical CuO and Co3O4 nanoparticles are 20–40 and 15–30 nm, respectively. The XRD and EDAX confirmed the high purity for NMOs. The thermal behaviors of the NMOs exhibited good crystallographic stability within the investigated temperature range. The antioxidant and antibacterial activities of NMOs were investigated and compared to manganese(III) meso-tetraphenylporphyrin complex/Ag nanocomposite (Ag/P nanocomposite) synthesizing by ESS. The results obtained from this work showed that copper(II) oxide, cobalt oxide nanoparticles, and Ag/P nanocomposite have DPPH scavenging activity. On the other hand, NMOs have no antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacterial strains. Cobalt oxide nanoparticles have antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, while Ag/P nanocomposite showed the antibacterial activities against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains.

Keywords: Green chemistry ; Nano metal oxides ; Antibacterial activity ; Sesbania sesban 

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-018-0506-7


Chemical Papers 72 (11) 2859–2869 (2018)

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