ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
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Physicochemical and catalytic properties of over- and low-exchanged Mo‒ZSM-5 ammoxidation catalysts

Emna Mannei, Faouzi Ayari, Esther Asedegbega-Nieto, Mourad Mhamdi, Gérard Delahay, Zouhaier Ksibi, and Abdelhamid Ghorbel

Université de Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia



Abstract: A series of Mo/ZSM-5 catalysts prepared by solid-state ion exchange at different Mo/Al molar ratios were characterized and tested in ethane and ethylene ammoxidation into acetonitrile. It has been concluded that the low-exchanged solid (Mo/Al = 0.2) stabilized MoO3, [Mo2O7]2− and [Mo7O24]6− species. However, besides these species, the solids prepared at Mo/Al = 0.5 and 1.5 stabilized [MoO4]2−. Nevertheless, only MoO3 and [Mo2O7]2− species were stabilized at Mo/Al = 1. The study performed by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy allowed the determination of the molar fraction relative to each Mo specie and, therefore, the calculation of the turnover frequency values. The catalytic activities of the various solids have been classified by taking into consideration the inefficiency of Al2(MoO3)4 phase, which inhibits the diffusion of reactants molecules towards the active sites, and amorphous MoO3 which catalyzes the undesired hydrocarbons’ combustion. However, [MoO4]2‒ species are efficient in the oxidative dehydrogenation of C2H6 into C2H4, while dimeric species catalyze the ammoxidation.

Keywords: Ammoxidation ; MoCl5 ; UV/Vis DRS ; TOF ; Acetonitrile 

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-018-0617-1


Chemical Papers 73 (3) 619–633 (2019)

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