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Point mutation in the TGFBI gene: surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRAS) as an analytical method

D. Rosas-Vara, J. R. Molina-Contreras, F. Villalobos-Piña, J. C. Zenteno, B. Buentello-Volante, O. F. Chacon-Camacho, R. Ayala-Ramírez, C. Frausto-Reyes, R. Hernández-Martínez, and M. A. Ríos-Corripio

Department of Basic Sciences, Instituto Tecnológico de Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, Mexico



Received: 15 July 2019  Accepted: 25 September 2019


A novel method to detect DNA mutations based on gold nanoparticles is described. This bioconjugate was prepared by conjugation of the TGFBI gene on the surface of gold nanoparticles. The surface plasmon resonance band observed in the ultraviolet–visible spectrum of the gold nanoparticles showed a shift to a lower energy after the surface was covered with the TGFBI gene. Surface-enhanced infrared spectroscopy (SEIRAS) showed the absorption bands of the bioconjugate due to their proximity to the nanoparticles. The SEIRAS effect was able to detect small and specific changes in the sequence of the TGFBI gene using interactions of the bioconjugates. The study was performed on patients clinically diagnosed with lattice corneal dystrophy (LCD). To our knowledge, this is the first report of FTIR spectroscopy employed to analyse this gene. We used genotyping results previously obtained by next-generation DNA sequencing technology to ensure that the analysed samples had the mutation. Our results show highly reproducible signals, which could be used for analytical studies of mutations in the genome.

Keywords: FTIR; DNA; PCR; Lattice corneal dystrophy (LCD); Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD)

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-019-00948-x


Chemical Papers 74 (4) 1079–1086 (2020)

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