ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7
Preparation of nanocrystalline Gd2Zr2O7 from mechanically activated coprecipitated precursor
A. M. Kalinkin, V. Yu. Vinogradov, E. V. Kalinkina, and V. N. Nevedomskii
Tananaev Institute of Chemistry, Subdivision of the Federal Research Centre “Kola Science Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences”, Apatity, Russia
Received: 23 May 2019 Accepted: 11 October 2019
In this study, the effect of mechanical activation of coprecipitated hydroxide precursor on synthesis of gadolinium zirconate Gd2Zr2O7 has been studied. Mechanical activation of the precursor has been performed in an AGO-2 laboratory centrifugal-planetary mill at a centrifugal factor of 20 g with zirconia vials and balls. Particular attention has been given to carbonization of the as-prepared and mechanically activated precursors due to reaction with atmospheric carbon dioxide and their decarbonization in the course of calcination. The removal of the volatile components (H2O and CO2) from the as-prepared and mechanically activated precursors can be achieved by calcination at 1100–1200 °C for 3 h. Calcination of the as-prepared and mechanically activated precursors in the range of 700–1200 °C results in the formation of nanocrystalline fluorite-type Gd2Zr2O7. Gadolinium zirconate prepared from the mechanically activated precursor exhibits 4–9 times larger BET surface area relative to that of Gd2Zr2O7 synthesized at the same calcination conditions from the as-prepared precursor. In particular, this is beneficial for preparation of nanostructured dense ceramic materials with enhanced properties.
Keywords: Gadolinium zirconate; Synthesis; Coprecipitation; Carbonization; Mechanical activation
Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.
Chemical Papers 74 (4) 1161–1170 (2020)