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Synthetic routes of the reduced graphene oxide

Jianlang Feng, Yunqing Ye, Meng Xiao, Gang Wu, and Yu Ke

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Biomaterials of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China



Received: 26 October 2019  Accepted: 12 February 2020


Graphene has attracted great attention owing to its exceptional electrical, mechanical, optical, thermal and antimicrobial properties. Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) are two important derivatives of graphene, and the latter can be achieved through the reduction reaction of GO. Many methods including reductant reduction, irradiation reduction, electrochemical reduction and microbial reduction were summarized systematically, with an aim at obtaining superior rGO and even rGO-based devices on a large-scale production. The latest development of different strategies on the reduction of GO and their relevant mechanism were reviewed as a guide for further studies of rGO.

Keywords: Graphene oxide; Reduced graphene oxide; Reduction mechanism; Patterning

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-020-01196-0


Chemical Papers 74 (11) 3767–3783 (2020)

Wednesday, April 17, 2024

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